COVID-19 impacted global migration trend in 2020: UN report
The number of emigrants increased to 281 million in 2020 from 272 million in 2019
The coronavirus disease pandemic has radically altered the way we lead our lives, including international migration.
The number of emigrants increased to 281 million in 2020 from 272 million in 2019, according to the latest migration report.
The increase, would have been higher by around 2 million if the pandemic had not struck, according to the World Migration Report 2022 based on data collected for 2020.
“While it is known that the pandemic has placed huge restrictions on mobility, it is difficult to fully assess its impact on migration since the data collated for the study is only for the first year of the pandemic,” the researchers wrote in the report.
The study also delves into other aspects of migration, including long-term trends on where people are migrating to and the impact of climate change on migration.
Migration is shaped by economic, geographic, demographic and other factors, resulting in distinct migration patterns, such as migration ‘corridors’ developed over many years, according to the report.
In 2020, the largest number of migrants moved to United States, followed by Germany and Saudi Arabia. India topped the list of countries from where people migrated out, followed by Mexico and Russia.
By the end of 2020, there were at least 26.4 million refugees globally, the study mentioned.
The highest number of refugees (8 million) moved from Syria — the fifth biggest source country.
Afghanistan had the second-highest share of refugees spread across the world, followed by South Sudan, Myanmar and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Most of the displacement happened through the Mexico-US migration axis, followed by the Syrian Arab Republic-Turkey corridor, the data showed.
With over 3.5 million people, Turkey hosted the most number of refugees in 2020, followed by Pakistan, Uganda, Germany and Sudan.
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